“On the Commonalities of Deuteronomy 13 with Ancient Near Eastern Treaties” by DREW S. HOLLAND

“On the Commonalities of Deuteronomy 13 with Ancient Near Eastern Treaties” by DREW S. HOLLAND

ABSTRACT: This article evaluates the numerous potential influences upon Deut 13 from ancient Near Eastern treaties. After assessing both the features Deut 13 shares with Hittite, Aramean, and neo-Assyrian treaties and the ways in which Deut 13 is distinct from them, it will become apparent that this biblical text shares some significant literary traits with these ANE treaties, but the degree to which it differs from them does not enable us to confirm literary dependence, a claim many scholars have asserted. Rather, Deut 13 expresses a uniquely Israelite treaty style within a general ancient Near Eastern treaty tradition.

KEYWORDS: Deuteronomy 13, ancient Near Eastern treaties, com-parative analysis, date of composition