“A Note on the Refrain in Genesis 1: Evening, Morning, and Day as Chronological Summary” by ANDREW E. STEINMANN
ABSTRACT: The meaning of the refrain in Gen 1 “There was an evening and there was a morning, X day” (Gen 1:5, 8, 13, 19, 23, 31) has long been in dispute. This paper argues that the refrain is a chronological summary of the preceding text by demonstrating what the syntax and usage of such summaries are in the OT. The phrase then means “In summary there was an evening and then a morning, X day,” thereby encompassing an entire day beginning at sundown and ending at the next sundown. Moreover, the phrase “evening and morning” is further defined in the refrain as a single day.
KEYWORDS: Chronological summary, refrain, sequential, non-sequential, Genesis