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Journal for the Evangelical Study of the Old Testament 5.2 (2016-2017)

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“A Note on the Refrain in Genesis 1: Evening, Morning, and Day as Chronological Summary” by ANDREW E. STEINMANN

ABSTRACT: The meaning of the refrain in Gen 1 “There was an evening and there was a morning, X day” (Gen 1:5, 8, 13, 19, 23, 31) has long been in dispute. This paper argues that the refrain is a chronological summary of the preceding text by demonstrating what the syntax and usage of such summaries are in the OT. The phrase then means “In summary there was an evening and then a morning, X day,” thereby encompassing an entire day beginning at sundown and ending at the next sundown. Moreover, the phrase “evening and morning” is further defined in the refrain as a single day. 

KEYWORDS: Chronological summary, refrain, sequential, non-sequential, Genesis

“On the Commonalities of Deuteronomy 13 with Ancient Near Eastern Treaties” by DREW S. HOLLAND

ABSTRACT: This article evaluates the numerous potential influences upon Deut 13 from ancient Near Eastern treaties. After assessing both the features Deut 13 shares with Hittite, Aramean, and neo-Assyrian treaties and the ways in which Deut 13 is distinct from them, it will become apparent that this biblical text shares some significant literary traits with these ANE treaties, but the degree to which it differs from them does not enable us to confirm literary dependence, a claim many scholars have asserted. Rather, Deut 13 expresses a uniquely Israelite treaty style within a general ancient Near Eastern treaty tradition.

KEYWORDS: Deuteronomy 13, ancient Near Eastern treaties, com-parative analysis, date of composition

“King and Cultus: The Image of David in the Book of Kings” by GREG GOSWELL

ABSTRACT: The image of David in the book of Kings is of a cultically-observant king, who does not commit the sin of idolatry, and, as a result, David becomes the model of proper royal behaviour for all kings that follow. In the theology of Kings there is an essential link between kingship and the temple cultus, and the kings who were like David reformed the cult and suppressed deviant cultic expression. The author of Kings measures and assesses the perfor-mance of every king by the rule of whether he supported the primacy of the YHWH and his temple in Jerusalem (of which piety David is the exemplar). It is argued that the image of David found in Kings is not without connection to the memory of David preserved in the preceding book of Samuel. In terms of the fate of the Davidic house in exile and beyond, various features in Kings suggest that the book is at best ambivalent as to the long term future of kingship as an Israelite institution.

KEYWORDS: David, king, image, cult

BOOK REVIEWS

God, His Servant, and the Nations in Isaiah 42:1–9: Biblical Theological Relfections after Brevard S. Childs and Hans Hübner by Frederik Poulsen (Reviewed by L.-S. Tiemeyer)

Ruth: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary by Jeremy Schipper (Reviewed by C. Barnes)   

A Mouth Full of Fire: The Word of God in the Words of Jeremiah by Andrew G. Shead (Reviewed by A. W. Dyck)

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant 8000–332 BCE by Margreet L. Steiner and Ann E. Killebrew (Reviewed by J. Moon)

“YHWH Fights for Them!” The Divine Warrior in the Exodus Narrative by Charlie Trimm (Reviewed by J. Riley)

Exploring Our Hebraic Heritage: A Christian Theology of Roots and Revival by Marvin R. Wilson (Reviewed by M. A. Hassler)

Dictionary of Daily Life in Biblical & Post-Biblical Antiquity, vol. 1, A–Da edited by Edwin M. Yamauchi and Marvin R. Wilson (Reviewed by A. M. King)

Eating in Isaiah: Approaching the Role of Food and Drink in Isaiah’s Structure and Message by Andrew T. Abernethy(Reviewed by P. J. Long)

Deuteronomy: One Nation Under God by George Athas (Reviewed by G. Goldsworthy)

“Did I Not Bring Israel Out of Egypt?” Biblical, Archaeological, and Egyptological Perspectives on the Exodus Narratives edited by James K. Hoffmeier, Alan R. Millard and Gary A. Rendsburg (Reviewed by J. Burnett)

Latino/a Biblical Hermeneutics: Problematics, Objectives, Strategies edited by Francisco Lozada Jr. and Fernando F. Segovia (Reviewed by D. J. Fuller)

Joel by Christopher R. Seitz (Reviewed by L.-S. Tiemeyer)

Was There a Wisdom Tradition? New Prospects in Israelite Wisdom Studies edited by Mark R. Sneed (Reviewed by A. T. Kirk)

The Historical Writings: Introducing Israel’s Historical Literature by Mark A. Leuchter and David T. Lamb (Reviewed by D. B. Schreiner)

Who Shall Ascend the Mountain of the Lord? A Biblical Theology of the Book of Leviticus by L. Michael Morales (Reviewed by G. M. Waldon)

Qumran Hebrew: An Overview of Orthography, Phonology, and Morphology by Eric D. Reymond (Reviewed by I. Young)

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