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Journal for the Evangelical Study of the Old Testament 3.1 (2014)

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“The Shape of Hope in the Book of Kings: The Resolution of Davidic Blessing and Mosaic Curse” by NATHAN LOVELL

ABSTRACT: The issue of hope in the book of Kings has long been a focal point of debate. This paper approaches the question from the standpoint of the final form of the book, rather than attempting to discern the voice of the Deuteronomist(s) within the text. I argue that the message of hope is exposed by a central theological tension within the book: that Yahweh has promised both blessing to David and curse for Mosaic breach. I conclude that in the resolution of this tension the book encourages hope in its exilic readership, but precludes a return to the monarchy as it was formerly. Rather, the purpose of Kings as it now stands is to reshape exilic hope towards a different type of kingdom, and to demonstrate to the exiles the new shape that this kingdom will take through the prophetic ministry amongst the powerless to gather a remnant. Messianic and nationalistic hope in Kings is shaped by the exile,  which  represents  a  new  beginning  for  Yahweh’s  people. 

 KEYWORDS1–2 Kings, Davidic promise, Mosaic covenant, Messianic hope, Remnant, Exile, Solomon, Hezekiah, Josiah, Elijah, Elisha, Jehoiachin 

“The Soteriological Development of the ‘Arm of the Lord’ Motif” by MATTHEW R. AKERS

ABSTRACT: A quarter of a century ago James Hoffmeier published his groundbreaking Biblica article  “The  Arm  of  God  Versus  the  Arm  of   Pharaoh   in   the   Exodus   Narratives.”   The   same   year,   Manfred   Görg   released   his   study   “Der   starke   Arm   Pharaos”   in   the   Festschrift   honoring François Daumas. Both men demonstrated that the OT seizes Egyptian victory language and applies it to the God of Israel in order to portray him as the conqueror of Pharaoh. This paper builds upon these important works, arguing that the OT authors, particularly in the prophetical period, employed the theme to express several important theological concepts. The author of this paper explores a number of OT passages that depict the arm of the LORD as the deliverer of post- Conquest Israel and the redeemer of the entire world. 

KEYWORDSDeliverance, Soteriology, Theology, Prophets, Messiah 

“Making Sense of Melchizedek (Genesis 14:18-20)” by SILVIU TATU

ABSTRACT: Biblical criticism has debated for the last two centuries whether or not to include the Melchizedek episode (Gen 14:18–20) with the other incidents of the story in Gen 14. This article makes the case for the early integration of Melchizedek’s episode in the narrative concerning Abram recovering Lot and his properties and in the Abraham narrative cycle as a whole. In order to achieve that, several general issues had to be addressed: the integrity of the text itself with its syntactic relationships, literary genre and plot. An investigation of some particular issues follows: Melchizedek’s name, title, and actions, as well as assessing how well they fit the patriarchal context and the original plot. Since the debate is complex and multi-layered, various tools were employed: Hebrew grammar and syntax, form criticism, narrative criticism, and History of Religions. We found that, as it stands, Gen 14:18–20 is too well integrated in the story of Abraham and the fabric of its own world to need political agendas motivating its late addition as various source theories claim. 

KEYWORDSMelchizedek, Genesis 14, Abram and Melchizedek, narrative criticism, form criticism, Canaanite priesthood, Story of Abraham 

“David, the ‘Ruler of the Sons of His Covenant’ (מושל בבני  בריתו): The Expansion of Psalm 151 in 11QPsa” by ANDREW WITT

ABSTRACT: Since ,1965 there has been great debate concerning the provenance of the Great Psalms Scroll (11QPsa). Building off recent analyses by Strawn and Debel, this article argues that Psalm   151A   contains   the   sectarian   phrase   “sons   of   his   covenant,”   which   was   added   to   the   psalm   as   part   of   its   Qumranic revision. This puts  into  question  Flint’s  position  that   the 11QPsa-Psalter tradition had a provenance prior to the establishment of the Qumran community. In its final pages, the article examines some of the implications of its findings, particularly concerning the redactional history of Psalm , 151 and how one might interpret Psalm 151A in light of its expansions. 

KEYWORDSPsalm , 15111, QPsa, Great Psalms Scroll, sectarian terminology, provenance 

Book Reviews

Beginning Biblical Hebrew: A Grammar and Illustrated Reader by John A. Cook and Robert D. Holmstedt (Reviewed by W. K. Bechtold)

Isaiah by David W. Baker (Reviewed by P. Wegner)

Journey to Joy: The Psalms of Ascent by Josh Moody (Reviewed by A. Witt)

From Conquest to Coexistence: Ideology and Antiquarian Intent in the Historiography of Israel’s Settlement of Canaan by Koert van Bekkum (Reviewed by V. P. Long)

Jerusalem and the Nations: Studies in the Book of Isaiah by Ronald E. Clements (Reviewed by P. J. Long)

Psalms 1–2: Gateway to the Psalter by Robert L. Cole (Reviewed by P. J. Long)

Against the Gods: The Polemical Theology of the Old Testament by John Currid (Reviewed by J. W. Hilber)

Jewish and Christian Approaches to the Psalms: Approaches and Convergence edited by Susan Gillingham (Reviewed by J. E. Stewart)

Invitation to the Psalms: A Reader’s Guide for Discovery and Engagement by Rolf A. Jacobson and Karl N. Jacobson (Reviewed by R. Burgess)

Reading with the Faithful: Interpretation of True and False Prophecy in the Book of Jeremiah from Ancient Times to Modern by Seth B. Tarrer (Reviewed by A. Day)

Jesus the Messiah: Tracing the Promises, Expectations, and Coming of Israel’s King by Herman W. Bateman IV, Darrell L. Bock, and Gordon H. Johnston (Reviewed by D. Diffey)

A New Testament Biblical Theology: The Unfolding of the Old Testament in the New by Gregory K. Beale (Reviewed by M. J. Boda)

An Introduction to Ugaritic by John Huehnergard (Reviewed by M. S. Heiser)

When God Spoke Greek: The Septuagint and the Making of the Christian Bible by Timothy Michael Law (Reviewed by K. Capps)

The Story of Israel in the Book of Qohelet: Ecclesiastes as Cultural Memory by Jennie Barbour (Reviewed by R. L. Meek)

Prophets before the Exile: Amos, Hosea, Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk by Christopher R. Smith (Reviewed by K. Möller)

Genesis by John H. Walton (Reviewed by G. E. Schnittjer)